Computer-based imaging and interventional MRI: applications for neurosurgery.


Advances in computer technology and the development of open MRI systems definitely enhanced intraoperative image-guidance in neurosurgery. Based upon the integration of previously acquired and processed 3D information and the corresponding anatomy of the patient, this requires computerized image-processing methods (segmentation, registration, and display) and fast image integration techniques. Open MR systems equipped with instrument tracking systems, provide an interactive environment in which biopsies and minimally invasive interventions or open surgeries can be performed. Enhanced by the integration of multimodal imaging these techniques significantly improve the available treatment options and can change the prognosis for patients with surgically treatable diseases.